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References

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Absence Any day in which a student has not attended a majority of hours or periods in a school day i.e., a half day or more. Can be either excused or unexcused.
Academic Assessments Tests given to students to determine if their performance meets the standards expected of their grade level. See State Testing.
Accountability Plan State goals used to determine how well all students are performing academically and what state resources are needed to ensure schools and districts are being supported. See the Washington State Improvement Framework (WSIF).
Actual Adjusted 4-year (on time) Cohort Graduation Rate OSPI uses the "adjusted cohort rate" methodology as required by the U.S. Department of Education. A student?s cohort is based on the year they enter Washington pubic high school for the first time and join a cohort. Students are removed from the cohort if they transfer out of public school in Washington. The adjusted cohort method tracks individual students over time and it generally matches what most people think of as a graduation rate: Among a group of students who stay in high school together, what percent graduated in four (or five, or six, or seven) years? Read more about Graduation Rate Calculations (PDF).
Alternate Assessment The annual test (see Academic Assessment) that students with significant cognitive disabilities may take in place of the general test. Like the general test, the alternate assessment uses grade level academic standards. See WA-AIM.
Annual Tests Comprehensive tests at the end of the school year that show if a student has demonstrated the expected skill(s) for that grade level. Same as Academic Assessments.
Average years of teacher experience Average number of years of teaching experience for all teachers in a school or district
CEDARS The Comprehensive Education Data and Research System (CEDARS) is a longitudinal data system managed by OSPI to collect, store and report data related to students, courses, and teachers in order to meet state and federal reporting requirements and to help educators and policy makers to make data driven decisions. Many of the measures on the Report Card use data from CEDARS.
Certified Teacher Teacher who holds a valid WA state teaching certificate
Class Size Number of students in a course
Classroom Teacher A certified teacher who instructs a class or course in a public school classroom where daily attendance is kept. It also includes a teacher who instructs students in alternate learning environments i.e. ungraded classes, special education, gifted, disadvantaged, early childhood, home/hospital, and adult education programs. Since a teacher can be assigned to multiple schools, districts, or ESDs, the total head count for each organization level may not match. For the purpose of the Report Card, Classroom Teacher data includes individuals serving in a role reported in CEDARS and the apportionment system (S-275) as assigned to a duty code of 31, 32, 33, 34, or 63. This does not include duty code 52 or Short Term Substitute Teachers. More information on duty codes is found in the Personnel Reporting Manual.
Cohort The group of students who, in 9th grade, are expected to graduate together in 4 years: "the class of 20xx." For example, students that began 9th grade together in 2017 are the class of 2021.
Comprehensive School A school in which all student subgroups are performing below threshold, or the school has a graduation rate of 67% or less. This is a support tier for schools that need additional support.
Conditional Teacher Certificate A teacher who holds at least a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited college/university and a valid Conditional Certificate (Certificate code: C280700). The certificate is valid for two years and is only for the employer and endorsement specified. The certificate is requested by school districts. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office.
Continuing Teacher Certificate Teachers who hold this type of certificate need to meet the following qualifications: (1) Have completed at least forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of upper division and/or graduate work from an accredited institution of higher education after receiving their baccalaureate degree. (2) Have been granted at least two subject area endorsements. (3) Have one hundred eighty days of full-time equivalent or more satisfactory teaching experience. More information is available in WAC181-79A-206 or the OSPI Certification Office.
CRDC Civil Rights Data Collection: An office of the federal Department of Education that collects data on, among other things, school discipline, restraint and seclusion by student subgroups of race, ethnicity, gender and disability. In Washington state, school districts send this information directly to the Federal Office of Civil Rights. The process and data is not managed by the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI).
CSV Comma-Separated Values. The CSV button below each graphic allows the user to download raw data into the software application of their choice. This allows the user to perform further analytics as they choose.
CTE Career and Technical Education. See CTE.
ELPA 21 English Language Proficiency Assessment for the 21st Century. This is the 4-part test (speaking, listening, reading and writing) given to students receiving English Language Development services to measure their progress towards English proficiency.
Emergency Substitute Teacher Certificate Certificate held by a teacher who is not fully qualified for a full teaching certificate. This type of certificate is used when a school has exhausted its list of qualified candidates but has access to a teacher who holds a valid Emergency Substitute Certificate (Certificate code: C270700). This certificate is valid for three years and is requested by school districts for verification. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office.
Emergency Teacher Certificate Certificate held by a teacher who holds an appropriate degree, has mostly completed a teacher preparation program, and who holds an Emergency Certificate (Certificate code: C250700). This type of certification is valid for one year and is requested by school districts. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office.
ELL English Language Learners. These are students who qualify for extra help in mastering English as their second language. Assessments are done with the ELPA 21 test.
Enrolled Someone who is officially registered as a student at a specific school. The school takes primary responsibility for assessments, accountability and reporting for the student. Students must qualify to be enrolled. This means they cannot have graduated from another institution or qualify to have graduated. The decision to enroll a student is ultimately up to the district.
Enrollment Number of students enrolled in publicly funded K-12 education at a particular point or period of time. Enrollment can be calculated at the school, district, or state level.
ERDC Education Research and Data Center (ERDC) at the Office of Financial Management
ESEA Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Federal education laws that provide equal opportunity for all students.
ESD Educational Service District
Excused Absence Absence due to illness, family emergency, religious observance, judicial proceeding, post-secondary educational visit or interview, and state-recognized search and rescue activity. Also includes absence directly related to the student's homeless or foster care status, deployment activities of an active duty military parent, or migrant status; absence due to safety concerns including threats or bullying; absence due to an approved activity that is mutually agreed upon by the principal and a parent. This is not an exhaustive list. The final decision is up to the principal.
FERPA Family Education Right to Privacy Act. A federal law that protects the privacy of student education records.
Finance category - Administration This category consists of those activities related to the general direction, regulation, and control of the affairs of the school district that are organization-wide.
Finance category - Food Services The category is used to record operating expenses for nutrition services (the preparation and serving of regular and incidental meals for pupils and teachers as provided by RCW 28A.235.120) provided in connection with regular school activities
Finance category - Instruction This category consists of activities dealing directly with or aiding in the teaching of students or improving the quality of teaching, such as professional development. These are the activities of teachers, principals, consultants, supervisors of instruction, attendance services, guidance and counseling, psychological and speech services, health services, and social services.
Finance category - Instructional Support The category is used to record expenditures that are incurred in support of the district's educational programs.
Finance category - Maintenance and Operation This category consists of activities concerned with keeping the physical plant open, comfortable, and safe for use, and keeping the grounds, buildings, and equipment in an efficient working condition.
Finance category - Other Services This category includes those services of information systems, printing, warehousing and distribution, and motor pool.
Finance category - Public Activities This category consists of community-wide activities provided by the school district. They are not confined to one program, school, or narrow phase of school activity.
Finance category - Transportation This category is charged with expenditures related to the conveyance of pupils.
Low Income Free and Reduced Price Meal (FRPM) eligibility is used as a proxy for low-income. The source of this data is the information submitted by school districts through the Comprehensive Education Data and Research System (CEDARS).
Full Certificates Full certificates include Provisional Teacher Certificate, Initial Teacher Certificate, Residency Teacher Certificate, Continuing Teacher Certificate, Professional Teacher Certificate, and First Peoples' Language, Culture and Oral Traditions. More information is available in WAC181-79A-206 or the OSPI Certification Office.
Gender One of the reporting categories required by Washington law is gender, reported as Male, Female, and Gender X. (WAC 246-490-075 defines "X" as "a gender that is not exclusively male or female, including, but not limited to, intersex, agender, amalgagender, androgynous, bigender, demigender, female-to-male, genderfluid, genderqueer, male-to-female, neutrois, nonbinary, pangender, third sex, transgender, transsexual, Two Spirit, and unspecified.") For student gender, data is submitted by students and parents to school districts, and from school districts to the state through CEDARS. For staff gender, data is submitted by staff to school districts and from school districts to the state through the SAFS S-275 report.
Homeless Individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
HS Dual Credit A program that allows students to earn college or technical school credit while still in high school.
IEP Individual Education Plan. These plans are for students who need any level of special education services.
Inexperienced Teacher A teacher who has five (5.0) or fewer years of teaching experience.
Initial/Residency Teacher Certificate Certificate held by a teacher who has an approved baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university. More information is available in WAC181-79A-206 or the OSPI Certification Office.
Intern Substitute Teacher Certificate Intern substitute teacher certificates are for individuals enrolled in student teaching/internship programs to which the individual is assigned as a student teacher/intern substitute teacher. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office at Office.
LEA Local educational agency, i.e. a school district
Limited Certificate Limited Certificates are issued under specific circumstances and for limited service. They include Intern Substitute Teacher Certificate, Nonimmigrant Exchange Teacher Certificate, Substitute Teacher Certificate, Transitional Teacher Certificate. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office at Office.
Limited Certificated Teacher A limited certificated teacher provides main instruction(s) with a limited certificate(s).
Migrant Migrant students are those whose families have moved within the last three years to work in agriculture or fishing and who qualify to receive Title 1, Part C academic and/or health services.
Military A student with a parent who is a member of the Armed Forces on active duty.
Mobile Students with less than 150 total calendar days (including weekends and holidays) of enrollment during the school year.
MSGP Median Student Growth Percentile. This is the median of the SGP scores for all students in a school by grade and subject.
NAEP National Assessment of Educational Progress allows for comparison of achievement across states. The federal requirement is to test grades 4 and 8 every two years if the district is receiving funds.
October student count This is the unduplicated head count of students. It occurs on October 1st or the first business day of October each year. The source of this count is the information submitted by school districts through CEDARS.
OSSI Office of System and School Improvement within the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction
Other Limited Certificates Other Limited Certificates include Conditional Teacher Certificate, Emergency Teacher Certificate, Emergency Substitute Teacher Certificate, Intern Substitute Teacher Certificate, Nonimmigrant Exchange Teacher Certificate, Transitional Teacher Certificate More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office.
Other Student Groups A method of dividing students into sub-groups. Other Student Groups includes English language learners, non-English language learners, foster care, non-foster care, homeless, non-homeless, low income, non-low income, migrant, non-migrant, military parent, non-military parent, section 504, non-section 504, students with disabilities, students without disabilities.
Out-of-Field Teacher An Out-of-Field teacher provides instruction outside of their endorsed subject area or outside of the grade level that the endorsement is for.
Primary School A student's primary school is the main school the student is enrolled in and the school that their statistical and demographic data is attached. A student can be assigned to only one primary school even if they are taking classes at several other schools or institutions.
Professional Teacher Certificate A certificate held by a teacher that (1) has successfully completed the external portfolio of evidence assessment adopted by the professional educator standards board, and (2) demonstrated three standards (effective teaching, professional development, and professional contributions) and twelve criteria, pursuant to WAC 181-79A-207.
Program An educator is assigned to a program(s) to provide instruction, support, and other services. Programs include General Education, Special Education, Transitional Bilingual Instructional Program (TBIP), Career and Technical Education (CTE), and Alternative Learning Experience (ALE).
Provisional Teacher Certificate A certificate held by a candidate who has an approved baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university pursuant to WAC 181-79A-030(5More information is available in WAC181-79A-206 or the OSPI Certification Office.
Race/ Ethnicity One of the federally required reporting categories which consists of six (6) major racial/ethnic groups: American Indian/ Alaskan Native, Asian, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino of any race(s), White, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander. Two other groups, Two or More Races and Not Provided are also counted. The data is submitted by school districts to the state through CEDARS.
SBA/WCAS Smarter Balance Assessments/ Washington Comprehensive Assessment System
SBAC Smarter Balance Assessment Consortium: All the states that use Smarter Balance Assessments to assess their students.
SEA State Educational Agency (as opposed to local or district education agency). The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) is the State Education Agency in Washington.
Smarter Balance Assessments Statewide assessments for English Language Arts and Math.
SSID A unique number assigned by the district for each student.
Students of color Students of color includes all student racial/ethnic subgroups with the exception of white. Students of color includes these five(5) major racial/ethnic groups: American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino of any race(s), Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and also includes Two or More Races and Not Provided. See Race/Ethnicity for more information.
Substitute Teacher Certificate Certificate held by a teaches who serves in a substitute capacity for four (4) or more consecutive weeks, twenty (20) or more school days, in a single assignment. Or a certificated teacher who may or may not be on contract for the district and fills in for short-term absences, scheduled or unscheduled, of other teachers. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office at Office.
TBIP Transitional Bilingual Instructional Program
Teacher Certificate A Teacher Certificate is awarded upon the completion of the State of Washington program requirements and clock hours.
Teachers with at least a Master's degree (percentage) Headcount of Classroom teachers with the highest degree of masters or Doctorate divided by the total number of classroom teachers.
Teaching Certification Teacher Certification is the licensure which is required to provide instructions in public schools. A certificate is awarded upon the completion of the state program requirements and clock hours.
Tested Student attempted at least two items or prompts of an assessment and met the completion criteria.
Tested out of grade Student took the wrong test, for example a third grader took the fourth grade test.
Title 1 Federal funding to aid educationally disadvantaged students in high poverty areas. The school must have at least 40% of the students from low income families and an approved reform plan that coordinates and integrates its many programs and services.
Transitional Teacher Certificate Transitional certificate is issued for an individual whose continuing certificate has expired, or to be employed on a conditional basis. The holder of the transitional certificate must successfully complete requirements for continuing certificate reinstatement within two (2) years. More information is available in WAC181-79A-231 or the OSPI Certification Office.
WA-AIM Washington Access to Instruction and Measurement. This is an alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards aligned to the Common Core Standards for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities, roughly 1% of the entire student population) and a subset of the special education student group. The remainder of the special education group takes the regular, Smarter Balanced assessments. This test replaced the previous Washington Alternate Assessment System (WAAS).
WCAS Washington Comprehensive Assessment of Science. General exam for grades 5, 8, 11.
WaKIDS Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills. Applies only to state funded, full day kindergartens. The program brings families, teachers, and early learning providers together to support each child's learning and transition into public schools.
WELPA Washington English Language Proficiency Assessment screener. This measures eligibility for the Transitional Bilingual Instructional Program (TBIP).
WSIF Washington School Improvement Framework. This framework measures multiple aspects of a school's performance and growth.
Years of Teaching Experience Years of Teaching Experience means "certificated years of experience," which is the number of years of accumulated full-time and part-time professional education employment prior to the current reporting school year. This includes employment in the state of Washington, out-of-state, and a foreign country. More information is available in WAC392-121-264).
50% School A school in which 50% or more of the students live outside the district boundaries. A student is from outside district boundaries when the student resident code doesn't match the school's serving district code.
504 Plan Students with disabilities who qualify for accommodations, aids, or services under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Accommodations, aids, and services are typically included in a Section 504 plan.
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Why has the Report Card website been redesigned? The Federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) specifies that any state receiving assistance under Title 1 must prepare an annual report card. Some of the information required by ESSA differs from information reported in the past. ESSA also specifies that Report Card be developed in consultation with parents and in a language that parents can easily understand, i.e. a report card that is more parent centric. Finally, the redesign allows us to use new technologies and to design for the many different devices people now use to download information.
What test results are on the report card? Smarter Balanced Assessments. These measure English language arts and math skills. They are given at the end of the school year in grades 3 thru 10 and consist of two parts: a computer adaptive test and a performance task. WCAS, the Washington Comprehensive Assessment of Science is given in grades 5, 8 & 11.
What do these tests actually measure? The assessments determine if a student's performance meets the standards expected of their grade level. Cumulatively the standards specify what all students should know and be able to do by graduation in order to be successful in college or career.
Has Washington always used these tests? Smarter Balanced Assessments have been used since 2015. They replaced the High School Proficiency Exam (HSPE) and the Measures of Student Progress (MSP) which in turn replaced the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL) in 2010.
Why is testing important? Statewide testing is important because it helps ensure all public school students, no matter where they go to school, are measured to equal standards, ensuring that they receive a quality education. This information assists districts and schools in refining instructional practices and curriculum and gives families valuable information about how well their child is doing and where additional help might be needed.
What other state administered tests do students take? National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), given in grades 4 and 8 every two years, is a national assessment that allows educational achievement to be compared across states. Washington English Language Proficiency Assessment (WELPA) is used to determine if students whose families do not speak English at home are eligible for English Language development services. English Language Proficiency Assessment for the 21st Century (ELPA21) is given annually to students receiving English Language Development Services to determine if their skills in reading, writing, listening and speaking English are equivalent to their English speaking peers and they can be considered proficient in English. Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Skills (WaKIDS) tests progress in the WaKids program. This program brings families, teachers and early learning providers together to support each child's learning and transition into public schools.
What will happen to the current Report Card? OSPI will keep it posted until June 30, 2019 when it will need to be taken down because it is not compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA.) OSPI will ensure that the data contained in the current report card is still available by other means.
Who can answer my questions about information in the Report Card? Your child's school is your best resource. Contact the principal or staff. Additionally, using the "Contact Us" button located under each of the measures on the Report Card will connect you to an expert in that subject area who can address your questions.
How can I print the information on Report Card? If you just want a hard copy of the graphics for a particular item, click on the "export to PDF" button below that item. Then print the PDF.
Do schools and districts have access to these data through alternate means? OSPI and vendors offer a variety of tools that provide school and district staff with actionable information, securely and on earlier timelines.
Where can I get more information? Learn more about State Testing.
Why can't I see some of the data? It is either because there is no data for that measure for that group (i.e. high school graduation rates for middle schoolers) or, more likely, the data is suppressed.
What is suppression? Suppression is used to protect student privacy as required by Family Educational Rights Privacy Act (FERPA). When low counts (n<10) of students in a particular subgroup could allow for the identification of individual students in that group, data for that group is not shown.
How does suppression work? Data may be suppressed, or appear missing/hidden from view, in four cases to protect student privacy:
  1. Student counts less than 10 may be suppressed.
  2. Very large or very small percentages may be displayed as a range based on how many students are included in the measure.
  3. If one group of a student subgroup has been suppressed, the counts of the next smallest group may be suppressed while the percentage for that group are displayed.
  4. If one school within the district has fewer than 10 students, the counts for the next smallest school may also be suppressed until the total number of students suppressed across schools is greater than 10.
Suppression rules on Report Card may vary from measure to measure. For more on our suppression methods and logic please see our Complete Suppression Documentation for the Washington State Report Card.
What does the CSV button do? Comma Separated Value allows the user to download the raw data into the application of their choice.
Looking at math assessment scores for 2015-16 and 2016-17, the scores crash in eleventh grade. Is there a reason? Why is there no score for eleventh grade math in 2017-18? In 2014-15 testing moved from the 10th grade to the 11th grade. In the next few years it turned out that many 11th graders had already met their graduation requirements in earlier years by taking the old end of course requirements. So they skipped the Smarter Balance test. For the federal reporting requirements any student who didn't take the Smarter Balance Assessment was counted among those who didn't meet standard, hence the low pass rates. In 2017-18 the test was moved back from 11th grade to tenth grade.
What is included in the expenditure data? All district reported state/local and federal expenditure is included in the report card, with the exception of debt services.